Sunaina Rao is a molecular biologist and the Chief Editor of FROMTBOT. Sunaina is also a science illustrator and passionate about science communication.
The shortening of the ends of the DNA strands in our chromosomes is one of the biomarkers for cellular ageing. © Sunaina Rao
ageing · Life · 09 Aug 2021

Can Telomerase Help Slow Down Ageing?

By Sunaina Rao
The role of telomerase in telomere maintenance and ageing.

Diabetes impacts millions of lives worldwide.
diabetes · Life · 25 Aug 2021

Is There a Permanent Cure for Type 2 Diabetes?

By Sunaina Rao
Here, I discuss three interesting strategies proposed by scientists that have the potential to permanently cure type 2 diabetes.

Dogs can have very different visual abilities when compared to humans. © Sunaina Rao
dogs · Life · 17 Aug 2021

How Dogs and Humans See The World Differently

By Sunaina Rao
Dogs have contrasting visual abilities when compared to humans.

A group of honeybees building their honeycomb.
insects · Life · 24 Sep 2021

How do bees make honey?

By Sunaina Rao
Converting simple sugary solutions into delicious, syrupy honey, bees can indeed be considered master chefs!

Science communicators play a central role in accurately conveying scientific advancements to the public. © Sunaina Rao
literacy · Science Policy · 11 Sep 2021

6 Inspiring Science Communicators and How They Have Changed the Way We Look at Science

By Sunaina Rao
In our opinion, they were instrumental in normalising the scientific process in pop culture.

Ardem Patapoutian (left) and  David Julius (right). Credit - Ill. Niklas Elmehed © Nobel Prize Outreach.
neuroscience · Life · 07 Nov 2021

Science Explained - The 2021 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine

By Sunaina Rao
From chronic inflammatory pain to migraine, the discovery behind this year’s Nobel Prize could improve the quality of millions of lives.

The act of gifting has a huge effect on our nervous system, general physiology and our psychology. © Sunaina Rao.
neuroscience · Life · 20 Mar 2021

Why Do We Enjoy Presenting Gifts To Our Loved Ones?

By Sunaina Rao
The answer lies in our evolution, neurobiology and psychology.

Scientific research and science policy making - Connected or disconnected? © Sunaina Rao.
covid-19 · Science Policy · 10 Feb 2021

Are our COVID 19 Policies Grounded in Quality Science?

By Sunaina Rao
A recent research published in the journal Science, explores how COVID 19 science affected policy making in government agencies, think tanks and IGOs.

Innovative thinking involves integration of knowledge from diverse disciplines. Image created by Sunaina Rao using vectors designed by Freepik.
mindset · Life · 20 Jan 2021

Paving The Way to Innovation

By Sunaina Rao
How interest in fields outside your established area of interest, can help in integrative thinking.

A decorated Christmas tree. Photo by Oleg Zaicev from Pexels.
plants · Life · 24 Dec 2020

The 'Evergreen' Tradition of Christmas Trees

By Sunaina Rao
Why Christmas trees stay green all year long and its relevance to the Christmas culture.

A group of nomadic female humans seen here with their children. Photo by Ian Macharia from Unsplash.
humans · Life · 19 Dec 2020

Sexual Division of Labour May Be Less ‘Natural’ Than What We Think

By Sunaina Rao
Man the hunter and woman the gatherer? Well maybe not, in the more ancient human societies.

The CRISPR-Cas story. © Sunaina Rao.
gene-editing · Life · 24 Jul 2021

The CRISPR-Cas Story

By Sunaina Rao
How a serendipitous observation led us to edit the code of life.

The earth is drowning in plastic. What can we do about this? © Sunaina Rao.
environment · Earth · 19 Dec 2020

The Earth is Drowning in Plastic. Will Enzymes from this Plastic Eating Bacteria Provide New Hope?

By Sunaina Rao
Scientists show how re-engineering enzymes from a plastic eating bacteria, can provide us new avenues in plastic degradation.

Vaccines help save us from many deadly viral and bacterial infections. © Sunaina Rao.
vaccines · Life · 02 May 2021

Vaccines - What are They and How are They Made?

By Sunaina Rao
A peep into the different kinds of vaccines and how they work.

The human body is surrounded by a large variety of pathogens. © Sunaina Rao.
immune system · Life · 13 Dec 2020

How Does The Immune System Work? (Part 2)

By Sunaina Rao
The war rages on – The adaptive immune system.

The human body is surrounded by all kinds of pathogens. © Sunaina Rao.
immune system · Life · 13 Dec 2020

How Does The Immune System Work? (Part 1)

By Sunaina Rao
The fascinating story of the warriors in our body - The innate immune system.

How Does a Cell Move?
cells · Life · 13 Dec 2020

How Does a Cell Move?

By Sunaina Rao
Actin microfilaments in the movements of neutrophils.

Soap and the coronavirus. © Sunaina Rao.
coronavirus · Life · 13 Dec 2020

How Does Soap Kill The Coronavirus Particle

By Sunaina Rao
A simple soap bar can instantly crumble the entire framework of the coronavirus particle, rendering it inactive. But how does it do this?

A broken cell illustrates the complexity of a single unit of our life. © Sunaina Rao.
cells · Life · 13 Dec 2020

What Would Spill Out if You Burst a Cell Open?

By Sunaina Rao
Imagine you pulled out a single cell from your body and burst it open. What do you think would spill out of it?

Cancer cells flowing through blood vessels. © Sunaina Rao.
cancer · Life · 13 Dec 2020

The Adventurous Journey of a Cancer Cell

By Sunaina Rao
The long tiring journey of a cancer cell from its site of origin to a distant metastatic organ.

Cells affected by viruses. Here, T-lymphocytes are depicted as being affected by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) particles. © Sunaina Rao.
viruses · Life · 13 Dec 2020

When Your Cells Go Viral

By Sunaina Rao and Devadas Vivek
How viruses can take over your cells and dictate them to do their bidding!

Here I depict using acrylic art, the different organelles that exist within cells like the nucleus, mitochondria, chloroplast, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi apparatus, lysosome and ribosome. © Sunaina Rao.
cells · Life · 13 Dec 2020

The Story of The Cell

By Sunaina Rao
From a primitive packet of molecules to complex multicellular plants and animals, the history of the cell spans billions of years.

Graphene Oxide nanoparticles on wheels carrying the chemotherapeutic drug into a cancer cell. One of the Graphene oxide molecules has successfully made its way into the cell. Green: Cancer cell; Red and white: Chemotherapeutic drug. © Sunaina Rao.
cancer · Applied Science · 20 Jul 2021

Nanoparticles in the Delivery of Chemotherapeutic Drugs

By Sunaina Rao
Advancing cancer therapy using nanoparticles.

On the left - A fibrotic tissue which favours increased colonization and outgrowth of metastasising cells. On the right - A less fibrotic tissue, which does not favour as much persistence and colonization of metastasising cells (red - blood vessels; blue - metastasising cells; brown - collagen). © Sunaina Rao.
cancer · Life · 17 Jul 2021

Can Tissue Fibrosis Influence Metastasis?

By Sunaina Rao
The role of fibrosis in cancer progression.

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